has its place of business in a Contracting State, if the choice of law leads to the law of a Contracting State. Swiss based company Swiss based company Party 1 sells coffee machines to party 2 Swiss law, including CISG No Companies are not in different states. Swiss based company Consumer in Germany Party 1 sells coffee machine to party Der Richter jedes Gerichts in einem CISG-Vertragsstaat ist in diesem Fall verpflichtet, das CISG anzuwenden (sofern nicht die Parteien des vorliegenden Rechtsstreits übereinstimmend das CISG abbedungen haben, wie Art. 6 CISG es zulässt). Durch diese Anwendung verwirklicht er die auf völkerrechtlicher Ebene von jedem Vertragsstaat übernommene Anwendungsverpflichtung (John Honnold nennt dies plastisch the commitment that Contracting States make to each other: We will apply these uniform.
With Portugal's accession to the CISG (effective from 01.10.2021), Ireland is incidentally the only EU member state that is not a CISG contracting state. But even in cases where the German exporter supplies goods to an Irish importer, the CISG applies by virtue of law (conflict of laws rules). For the United Kingdom, which has completed its withdrawal from the EU at the end of 31 December 2020, a special situation applies, which I described in m States which is indeed impressive, the CISG being in force in 70 countries6 - with more countries to enter the CISG into force shortly?7 Is it the percentage of world trade to which it applies, which, one must admit, is 1 For the English text of the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods, see 19 International Legal Materials 668 ff. (1980). The text of the. Art 93(1) of the CISG provides that where a Contracting State has two or more territorial units, it may declare for the CISG to extend to all or some of its territorial units at the time of signature, ratification, acceptance, approval or accession. The written declaration needs to be formally notified with the depository, which refers to the UN Secretary-General, and should expressly state the territorial unites to which the CISG extends .pdf. The list of contracting states is now seventy-eight. Brazil has to be added to the list since it recently adopted the CISG. 2. Notwithstanding the above, there are some indirect mechanisms to update an International Treaty. See. UNCITRAL, Recommendation Regarding the Inter-pretation of Article II (2), and Article VII (1), of the Convention on the Recogni-tion and.
Although some may state that it is international sales 101 to exclude the CISG from contracts for the sales of goods, many times this is not done either unintentionally or intentionally. A. [B] One Party from a Non-contracting State: Article 1(1)(b) 12  Court in Article 95 Declaration Contracting State 12  Court in Non-declaration Contracting State 14  Court in Non-contracting State or Arbitral Tribunal 19 [C] Both Parties from a Non-contracting State 20 §2.04 The Environment of Party Autonomy and the CISG as Soft Law 2 CISG Contracting States, the CISG applies by default, it follows that whenever there is no written contract the CISG rules apply automatically. Your US . 4 customer may be surprised to learn that a valid contract exists without a written agreement - but you should not be. II. The Parol Evidence Rule US Courts applying the UCC will generally exclude trial testimony that contradicts the.
CISG and UNIDROIT Principles as Reflected in One State's (Florida) Experience of (1) Law School Faculty, (2) Members of the Bar with an Internation al Practice, and (3) Judges , 46 A M Negative limits to application of CISG (external gaps) A non-exhaustive list. Mentioned: 1. validity of the contract or of any of its provisions or of any usage 2. the effect which the contract may have on the property in the goods sold 3. liability for death or personal injury caused by the goods or by other means 08.11.2018 1
With Madagascar and Guyana, two further states have recently ratified the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (CISG), sometimes also referred to as the 'Vienna Convention'. Madagascar and Guyana will become CISG member states with effect from 1 October 2015. The CISG has been in effect in Brazil since 1 April 2014, and will become effective in Bahrain and the Democratic Republic of Congo in the next few months The current list of Contracting States includes 11 of the G-12 Group, as well as China and Russia. CISG Contracting States account for more than two-thirds of all world trade. The importance of the CISG in the international arena is underlined by thousands of reported decisions where the CISG has been held to apply, thus evidencing the conduct of countless international traders who - by. 23 March 2016 by Fatma Esra Güzeloğlu It is well-worthy to examine the contract formation regime under the CISG, where a middle way between the common and civil law traditions was sought in order to achieve a system that is acceptable, efficient and suitable for the Convention's beneficiaries, i.e. Parties to a contract which is governed by the CISG; taking into consideration the immensity. The CISG states that a breach of contract committed by one of the parties is fundamental if it results in such detriment to the other party as substantially to deprive him of what he is entitled to expect under the contract, unless the party in breach did not foresee and a reasonable person of the same kind in the same circumstances would not have foreseen such a result (article 25). (b.
The CISG applies automatically when both parties are from Contracting States, but there is scope for private international law to operate, in respect of gaps not answerable by the underlying general principles of the CISG and in respect of issues outside the scope of the CISG. Private International law is also relevant where the parties have. Although there are currently 76 contracting states agreeing the terms and conditions set out in the CISG. However in some of the contracting states there are very little awareness of the CISG even existed within the business community. For instance in Argentina, despite overwhelming promotion effort put in place to raise awareness of the CISG, it is still not so well known in the business. In the amended version, the Limitation Convention applies also when rules of private international law make the law of a Contracting State applicable to the contract of sale (Article 3(1)(b)). Hence, the Limitation Convention, as amended, applies in the same case as the CISG. The reference is to the rules of private international law applicable to the contract itself, and not to limitation. . All of the major trade partners of the U.S. are Contracting States, with the exception of the United Kingdom. A complete list of Contracting States is maintained at www.uncitral.org. The CISG is composed of four Parts. Part I deals with the scope of the CISG. Part II governs contract formation. Part III sets out the obligations and rights of buyers and sellers. Finally, Part IV, title The Convention on the Limitation Period in the International Sale of Goods is a uniform law treaty prepared by the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law. It deals with the prescription of actions relating to contracts for the international sale of goods due to the passage of time. The Limitation Convention was originally prepared as a chapter of a broader treaty on contracts for international sale of goods. Adopted in 1974, it was amended in 1980 to be fully aligned.
CISG can be characterized as a compromise between different jurisdictions. The convention is applied in more than 50 countries. As a general rule, the CISG is applied whenever the contracting parties have their principal place of businesses in different countries. countries in question have ratified the CISG. If the parties have agreed on application of the laws of Finland, the CISG is applied unless the parties have specifically agreed to not to apply the CISG. On the other hand, in case. provision both in its rationale as well as its interpretation. Contracting States were allowed to make a reservation not to apply the provision. Singapore has done so, and has not removed it despite strong academic lobbying to do so.2 The second way in which the CISG espouses compromise is in the substantive contents of the applicable rules. Many see this as a weakness, but compromise has been necessary to obtai (CISG) is one of the most influential international conventions dealing with civil law and for that reason it is even referred to as the lingua franca of international trade1. Its success could be measured by the number of Member States, which is now counting 76 countries2 and by the impact which it has on domestic law of various countries. The Convention facil Singapore Contracts • CISG has been part of Singapore law since 1996. Not 35 years from 1980 (or 27 years from 1988) but almost 20 years. • Applicable to trade between Singapore and another CISG party - 38 States in 1994 (when ratification was considered) and 82 today. • Exceptions: • Article 2: e.g. goods bought for personal, family or household use, unless the seller neither knew or.
The Vienna convention as unified sales law in the world even thought there are others convention related to sale of goods where by states contracted each other and obey on them but this convention is quite different, it success to helps contracting nations being together by obeying rule and procedure of (CISG) regardless of their different legal system. Nevertheless the drafter of this convention tried the best to make the convention freely from any interference to government, agency. The CISG Before The Courts Of Non-Contracting States? - Take foreign sales law as you find it: Author : Kadner Graziano, Thomas. Published in Yearbook of Private International Law. 2012, vol. 13-2011, p. 165-182 Full text Article (Published version) (960 Kb) - Free access. Structures Faculté de droit / Département de droit international privé. Citation (ISO format) KADNER GRAZIANO, Thomas.
Australia, China, France, Germany, Italy, Mexico, Russia and the United States. 2 Although the CISG has proved successful in many areas, it has been less successful in the area most important to parties in a dispute: damages for breach of contract. 3 Indeed, of * Professor of Law, Associate Dean for Faculty Research, Director, J.D./M.B.A. Program List of Contributors. Yeşim M. Atamer Yeşim M. Atamer (LLB, LLM, PhD, Istanbul University) is Professor of Private Law and Comparative Private Law, and Vice Director of the European Institute at Istanbul Bilgi University. She is a member of the CISG Advisory Council. [Arts 78-80] Ivo Bach Ivo Bach is professor of Law at Georg August University Göttingen (Germany) where he has held the chair for German and European Private Law since 2016. He teaches and researches in the fields of. Significantly influential countries are parties to the CISG, such as for example the United States, Germany, Japan, Russia and China. In fact, twelve members of the G12 Group are parties to the CISG. The Groupof G12 is a group of thirteen industrially advanced countries whose central banks co-operate to regulate international finance. They are Australia, Belgium, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, Spain Sweden contracts for the sale of goods between parties with places of business in differ ent countries when both of those countries have ratified the CISG.3 As of August 1, 2012, seventy-seven countries are parties to the CISG.4 This list includes eight of the United States' top ten trading partners: Canada, China See CISG Database List of Contracting States (South Korea (March 1 2005), United States (1 January 1988)) available at http://www.cisg.law.pace.edu/cisg/countries/cntries.html. 6 See CISG Art 1(1)(a) (1) This Convention applies to contracts of sale of good
The CISG will apply by default to international contracts made between parties in different member states unless expressly excluded or varied. The United States Code makes it clear that the CISG is a law enacted under the treaty power of the U.S. Constitution (and therefore, federal courts have federal question jurisdiction rather than diversity jurisdiction over the contract. Convention so far, India and many African countries are also not on the list of contracting states. The drafters of the CISG took special care in avoiding the use of legal concepts typical of a given legal tradition, and this method results from a deliberate choice to ensure that the Convention would promote harmonization of substantive law by the largest number of States, regardless of their. the Convention, and as of April 1, 2014, 80 countries were parties to the CISG (each a Contracting State).3 The United States, Canada and Mexico are all Contracting States, making the Convention the effective sales law of NAFTA. A number of countries, when ratifying the Convention, provided for reservations that exclude the application of certain Convention provisions. You can find a.
Links for texts of the CISG in different languages and identification of contracting states. Other CISG links. Bibliography has links for many articles in full-text. Autonomous Network of CISG Websites. Provided by the Pace Law School CISG Database. Global Sales Law - CISG online. This website provides cases, materials and legal texts, including Commentary on the Draft Convention on Contracts. United States of America: Signature: 31/08/1981 : United States of America: Ratification: 11/12/1986: 01/01/1988: Uruguay: Accession: 25/01/1999: 01/02/2000: Uzbekistan: Accession: 27/11/1996: 01/12/1997: Venezuela: Signature: 28/09/1981 : Viet Nam: Accession: 18/12/2015: 01/01/2017: Yugoslavia (Federal Republic of) Succession: 12/03/2001: 27/04/1992: Yugoslavia (Socialist Federal Republic of The CISG might be applicable to such a transaction, however, if a tribunal's rules of private international law led to the application of the law of a Contracting State. See CISG Article 1(1)(b). This possibility, however, is subject to a very important limitation: the United States has made the reservation permitted by Article 95 of the Convention, and declared that it was not bound by. China is a contracting state of CISG while Vietnam is not. The contract says that parties agree to use the law of the buyer. In such case, the law of China would apply to the contract. When CISG is ratified by a country, then it would be automatically incorporated to the national law of that country. Therefore, CISG applies. Example No. 3. Same as the above case, but this time, the contract. The CISG has been ratified by 89 states, which together account for over three-quarters of all world trade. This practically-oriented, article-by-article commentary on the CISG will be useful to legal practitioners, counsel and arbitrators dealing with international sales contracts. The in-depth annotations deal extensively with the legal issues likely to arise under each CISG article. The annotations include up-to-date analyses of state court and arbitral decisions, the legal doctrines.
The Increasing Significance of the CISG With Madagascar and Guyana, two further states have recently ratified the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (CISG), sometimes also referred to as the 'Vienna Convention'. Madagascar and Guyana will become CISG member states with effect from 1 October 2015 It appears that Norway alone amongst the contracting States has implemented the #CISGCISG through transformation thought Israel notably is considering it Neither the numbering nor the substantive provisions are the same. Obviously this means that for Norway alone amongst the contracting States it is necessary to search to find e.g. Article 74 (or any other provision of the CISG) The 1980 CISG regulates the rights of buyers and sellers in international sales. The Convention is the first sales law treaty to win acceptance on a worldwide scale, and the impressive list of some eighty-five CISG 'Contracting States' already accounts for more than three-fourths of all world trade. The importance of the CISG in the international arena is underlined by thousands of reported decisions where the CISG has been held to apply, thus evidencing the conduct of countless. A list of all 84 contracting States is available at <www.cisg.law.pace.edu>. 4. See generally Bruno Zeller . Damages under the Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (2nd ed, Oxford University Press, New York, 2009); and Djakhongir Saidov . The Law of Damages in International Sales: The CISG and other international Instruments (Oxford and Portland (Hart Publishing, Oregon. For a list of contracting states, nations who are parties to the treaty, visit www.uncitral.org. 15 . United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods, Apr. 11, 1980, 1489 U.N.T.S. 3 (The United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods came into force for contracts involving parties with businesses in the United States on January 1, 1988.
• Another element that deserves to be mentioned is that contracting parties having their place of business in states that have not adopted the CISG may well have their contract governed by the Vienna Convention. • However, care has to be taken in the choice of the governing law to such contracts. • It must be of a state that has adopted the CISG The United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods1 has an impressive2 and growing3 list of Contracting States. Australia is one such State, having acceded to the CISG on 17 March 1988, with the Convention entering into force locally on 1 April 1989.4 Given that the CISG only entered into force Benjamin Hayward is an Associate Lecturer in the School of Law at Deakin. In its Final Clauses in Part IV of the CISG, the Convention authorizes a number of declarations whereby Contracting States may exclude or modify the legal effect of certain provisions of the Convention. According to Article 98 CISG, the list of reservations in Part IV is exhaustive, with no reservations except those expressly authorized therein being permitted the CISG (CISG State or Contracting State). 8 Unfortunately, the effect of this reservation turns out to be problematic. Not only has the reservation impeded the development of the CISG, but it has also raised controversies among both national and foreign courts and tribunals about its enforcement.9 In addition to the Article 95 reserva tion, China also made a reservation.
List of Contributors vii Editorial ix 1 Legal Answers to Globalization 1 Ingeborg Schwenzer and Claudia Marti Whitebread 2 Tue CISG as Transnational Rules - Framework and Use in Practice 15 Pascal Hachem 3 Applicability of the CISG -Articles 1 and 6 Pascal Hachem 4 International Distribution Contracts and CISG Pilar Perales Viscasilla . It applies to commercial goods and products only. The CISG was signed in Vienna in 1980 and has been ratified by more than eighty countries. However, some countries have made declarations stating reservations about some of the clauses in the treaty. Often international transactions are carried out.
CISG Application A contract of sales of goods will come within the scope of UN convention on CISG 1980 if 1 Article 1 1 a both parties to the contract of sale. Sign in Register; Hide. CISG-notes (International Trade & Finance 1) Lecture by Dr Sherry. University. Universiti Teknologi MARA. Course. Law (LAW224) Academic year. 2017/2018. helpful 0 0. Share. Comments. Please sign in or register to. The 1980 CISG regulates the rights of buyers and sellers in international sales. The Convention is the first sales law treaty to win acceptance on a worldwide scale, and the impressive list of some eighty-five CISG 'Contracting States' already accounts for more than three-fourths of all world trade. The importance of the CISG in the. The current list of some 85 Contracting States accounts for more than three-fourths of all world trade. The importance of the CISG in the international arena is underlined by thousands of reported decisions where the CISG has been held to apply, thus evidencing the conduct of countless international traders who - by default or by express choice - regularly subject their sales contracts to. Which CISG has the United States declared that it is not bound by? Article 1 (1)(b) What is the practical effect of the U.S. opting out of Article 1 (1)(b)? U.S. courts are bound to use CISG law ONLY when it applies to contracts between parties whose principle places of business are in the U.S. and other Contracting States. Otherwise, UCC likely applies. Who was the CISG drafted by? United.
The CISG is similar to the Uniform Commercial Code (UCC), which governs the sale of goods in 49 of the 50 states within the United States. However, there are critical differences between U.S. law and the CISG. For example, under the CISG, to be enforceable an agreement must identify the goods to be sold and expressly or implicitly fix or make a provision for determining the quantity and. Achilles, Kommentar zum UN-Kaufrechtsübereinkommen (CISG) (2000) Adami, Les contrats open price dans la Convention des Nations Unies sur les contrats de vente international de marchandises, Revue de droit des affaires itnernationales (1989) 103 Andersen, Defining Uniformity in Law, 1 Uniform Law Review (2007) 5 Andersen, Exceptions to the Notification Rule - Are They Uniformly Interpreted, 9 Vindobona Journal (2005) 17 (Pace) Anderesen, Uniform Application of the International Sales. Search among researches of University of Copenhagen. Researchers: Drop the notion that more hours spent studying guarantees higher educational qualit CISG article 11: A contract of sale need not be concluded in or evidenced by writing and is not subject to any other requirement as to form. It may be proved by any means, including witnesses. 10. CISG art. 25: A breach of contract committed by one of the parties is fundamental if it results in such detriment to the other party as substantially to deprive him of what he is entitled to.
(here in after CISG) Principles of European Contract law (here in after PECL) and the Ethiopan Law of sales. The comparative analysis revealed that, despite terminology differences, the rule on force majeure is the same in all instruments under consideration. As regards the doctrine of frustration, the writer argue that while recent developments read the doctrine of frustration between the. . In addition, one or more of our lawyers are admitted. Sales of Goods (CISG), entered into force in 1988 and has been by now ratified (or accessed to) by 71 states. For the history of the Convention see J. Honnold (1999), Uniform Law for International Sales under the 1980 United Nations Convention, 3rd ed., Kluwer. 2. UNIDROIT (ed.) (2004), Principles for International Commercial Contracts, Institut
. The importance of the CISG in the international arena is underlined by thousands of reported decisions where the CISG has been held to apply, thus evidencing the conduct of countless international traders who - by default or by express choice - regularly subject their sales. Article 1. 10. (1) This Convention applies to contracts of sale of goods between parties whose places of business are in different States: 11. (a) when the States are Contracting States; or. 12. (b) when the rules of private international law lead to the application of the law of a Contracting State. 13
Over 60 states, including the United States, China, Russia, and France, have ratified the CISG, making it the default substantive law governing contracts for the sale of goods between a buyer and a seller from different ContractingStates K r i tz e r, CISG: Table of Contracting States, CISG D ATABASE, http://www.cisg.law .pace.edu/cisg/countries/cntries.html (last visited Nov. 6, 2013). 2 U.N. C omm'n o n Int 'l Tra de Law. incorporated into the law of the United States in January 1988. See ALBERT H. KRITZER, GUIDE TO PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS OF THE UNITED NATIONS CONVENTION ON CONTRACTS FOR THE INTERNATIONAL SALE OF GOODS app. 1 (1994) (providing list of countries adhering to CISG). As of the date of this Article, forty-six countries, including many of the United States's major trading partners, have ratified the. CISG.16 3. CONTRACT MODIFICATION IN THE CISG Contract modification in the CISG is analyzed through the doctrine of parol evidence rule and merger clauses that are contained in article 29 of the Convention and through the rules on interpretation of the statements made by the parties contained in article 8 of the Convention. 3.1 Parol evidence rul International Sales Transaction And Cisg Law International Essay. In answering this question I assume that a Texas Seller and an English Buyer contractually agree that the CISG will apply to their major international contract of sale covering the purchase-sale delivery of liquefied natural gas (LNG). Chapter V (Art. 71-88 CISG) is about the provisions which are common for both buyer and seller
sales and contracts of sale.1 Hence, there will be sale up on the perfection of contract though the thing is not delivered to the buyer. The primary obligations of the seller are the obligation to deliver the thing and the obligation to transfer unassailable ownership right to the buyer.2 In addition, the buyer is obliged to provid CISG- Status and Reservations in U.N.T.S. Scroll down to view links to the official notice of each action taken for each country, as published in the U.N.T.S. volume for the date they were submitted. For greater convenience, the U.N. also summarizes all of this information in Multilateral Treaties Deposited with the Secretary-General (MTDSG) (CISG) with the exception of unfair contract terms. Tue CISG now has 79 member states and is by far the most successful5 international private law convention worldwide, along with its sister, the UN Convention on Limitation.6 This chapter will first compare the approach and main solutions of the two instruments. l Many US contractors are unaware of the body of law that governs the shipment of materials from overseas. The Convention for the International Sale of Goods (CISG) operates as the governing law on international transactions involving the sale of goods between participating countries. (for a list of participating countries click here). The CISG is similar to the Uniform Commercial Code (UCC), which governs the sale of goods in 49 of the 50 states within the United States
wonders whether 142 States will also have ratiﬁ ed the CISG after ﬁ fty years. The parties to CISG come from every corner of the world. I personally found it striking that the ﬁ rst State to ratify the CISG was Lesotho and the most recent was Paraguay. No less striking is that on 11 December 1986 China Von Dmitry Marenkov. 01.10.2014. (gtai) Zwei weitere Staaten sind dem UN-Kaufrechtsübereinkommen ( United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods, CISG) von 1980 beigetreten. Mit Wirkung zum 1.10.2015 werden Guyana und Madagaskar zu CISG-Mitgliedstaaten Article 25 of the CISG defines the concept of fundamental breach. It states: A breach of contract committed by one of the parties is fundamental if it results in such detriment to the other party as substantially to deprive him of what he is entitled to expect under the contract, unless the party in breach did not foresee and a reasonabl
Contracts for the International Sale of Goods is often called as CISG 1980. Until the end of 2015, there are 84 nations and territories which have been signed and become its members, including Vietnam. On 1 st January 2017, CISG 1980 took official effects in Vietnam and directly affect international commercial activities between Vietnamese traders and their partners from other countries. Viet. possibilities for contracting states to restrict the application of parts of the Convention. One might even be tempted to say that the range of possible. 2005-06] CELEBRATING SUCCESS BY ACCESSION TO CISG 479 restrictions is too wide, because any reservation by any state necessarily reduces uniformity and clarity and necessarily adds to transaction costs. To quote but one example: the Soviet. language in the contract, the CISG will apply. For an example of choice of law language opting out of the CISG, see Standard Clause, General Contract Clauses: Choice of Law: Drafting Note, United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (CISG) (www.practicallaw.com/9-508-1609). There are 78 contracting states, including Scope and Applicability of the CISG Article 1 -(1) This Convention applies (three situations) (1) to contracts of sale of goods between parties whose places of business are in different States o CISG applies if the parties are different states and those states are the contracting states. o Place of business à How we internationally define it o NOT: place of incorporatio
CISG Contracting States and Declarations Table, 16 J.L. & COM. 371 (1997) [hereinafter Table] (including information on the participants to the CISG and their ratification dates). 7. See, e.g., Volker Behr, The Sales Convention in Europe: From Problems in Drafting to Problems in Practice, 17J.L. & CoM. 263, 264 (1998) (stating that [flrom the point of view of legislation as well as from the. Once Ethiopia become a party to the CISG, all contracts for the international sale of goods concluded between an Ethiopian entrepreneur and an entrepreneur domiciled in another contracting State would fall under the CISG, absent a choice to the contrary  . This avoids recourse to rules of private international law to determine the law applicable to the contract, adding significantly to the.
A Practice Note containing an overview of the issues to consider when determining whether the UN Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (CISG) applies and, if it does, whether and how to opt-out of the CISG. The Note also includes a summary comparison of the CISG and the Uniform Commercial Code (UCC) In this regard, as permitted by the CISG (under Article 95), several Contracting States (e.g. China, Singapore and the USAhave declared that they are not bound by ) the latter ground. 9. (b) The CISG governs contracts for the international sales of goods between private businesses, excluding sales t
Understanding the CISG' draws upon the full range of primary and secondary sources of the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (CISG) law, including worldwide case law and scholarly opinion in this fully updated fifth (worldwide) edition. The 1980 CISG regulates the rights of buyers and sellers in international sales The Arbitrator's Duty to Apply the CISG List of references 1. Vitória Zanotto Farina is an undergradute student at the Federal University of the Rio Grande do Sul. She is an intern in Rossi de Lima e Lenz Advogados in Porto Alegre, Brazil. 2. MISTELIS, Loukas. CISG and Arbitration. In: JANSSEN, André; MEYER, Olaf. CISG methodology. Munich: Sellier, 2009. p. 388. 3. CRETELLA NETO, José. As we gather today 40 years after its adoption, we must reflect on the impact CISG has made over the years. There are 94 contracting states (Note 1) from diverse legal traditions and economic development, which together represent over two-thirds of the global economy. As a multilateral instrument, it has established a fair, transparent, and.